Shrubs are relatively long-lived with a documented age of at least 17 years (Deering and Vankat, 1999). Element Stewardship Abstract for Lonicera maackii (Rupr.) The plant grows up to 16.5 ft tall obstructing sunlight from the plants below them. Diminished plant richness and abundance below Lonicera maackii, an invasive shrub. Luken J O, Thieret J W, 1997. Influence of stem cutting and glyphosate treatment of Lonicera maackii, an exotic and invasive species, on stem regrowth and native species richness. The USDA Soil Conservation Service promoted several cultivars of L. maackii from the 1960s to the 1980s for use in soil stabilization, reclamation and wildlife habitat improvement projects across the USA (Luken and Thieret, 1996). It is unclear why L. maackii has established so successfully in North America but not in Europe, where it has also been planted as an ornamental. 5. Amur honeysuckle, its fall from grace. ex Rehder (ITIS, 2013). In its native range in China L. maackii grows in open forests and scrub areas (eFloras, 2013) from 1800 m to 3000 m above sea level (Zheng et al., 2006). Growth and reproduction of three perennial herbs was also reduced (Miller and Gorchov, 2004). It can tolerate a wide range of light and moisture conditions, and it forms dense thickets in forests, replacing the surrounding native vegetation. evaluated by the FDA. Lonicera maackii (Amur honeysuckle); fruits. Washington, DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution/NMNH. L. maackii var. Amur honeysuckle is an invasive honeysuckle first introduced from China and Korea. http://www.eddmaps.org/. Its specialties are workings to enhance love and sexuality. Shrubs begin to reproduce at 3 to 8 years old (Deering and Vankat, 1999). . Escapes from ornamental plantings were recorded in the 1920s and promoted for conservation and wildlife uses in the 60s and 70s. In North America, L. maackii produces leaves very early in spring, before most native species, and retains its leaves longer than most in autumn (McEwan et al., 2009). Amur honeysuckle or bush honeysuckle (Lonicera maackii) is a non-native shrub that you might be attracted to when you first hear about it. Honeysuckle stems and flowers are used together as a herbal infusion in the treatment of upper respiratory tract infections (including pneumonia) and dysentery. In North America it occurs from Ontario, Canada south to Georgia, USA and west to North Dakota and Texas (USDA-NRCS, 2013). The herbal information on this web site is intended for educational purposes Honeysuckle is associated by Culpeper with the planet Mercury and the sign Cancer . Lonicera maackii (Caprifoliaceae) adventive in Ontario. Seedlings can be killed by fire (Munger, 2005). Few insects feed on the plant, but birds and mammals spread the fruits. Amur honeysuckle, a highly aggressive invasive woody shrub, is rapidly taking over millions of acres in the eastern and midwestern United States in … Leaf phenology and freeze tolerance of the invasive shrub Amur honeysuckle and potential native competitors. > 10°C, coldest month < 0°C, dry winters), Mean maximum temperature of hottest month (ºC), Mean minimum temperature of coldest month (ºC), number of consecutive months with <40 mm rainfall, Introduction to Dominion Arboretum in Ottawa, Canada from Germany and to New York Botanical Garden i, Promoted by US Soil Conservation Service 1960s-1980s, Centre for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health, GISD/IASPMR: Invasive Alien Species Pathway Management Resource and DAISIE European Invasive Alien Species Gateway. Outside of China it was first cultivated in Russia at the St. Petersburg Botanical Garden in 1883. P O Box 26 Slayden, TN 37165 USA The bark of older branches is gray with flat scaly ridges and narrow grooves. Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF). The USDA received additional shipments of L. maackii seeds from Britain and Manchuria, China, in the early 1900s (Luken and Thieret, 1996). Bright red fruits 5-6 mm in diameter mature from late summer into autumn (Zheng et al., 2006). Pesticides should always be used in a lawful manner, consistent with the product's label. Response of understory species to gap formation and soil disturbance in Lonicera maackii thickets. Biological Invasions, 14(3):671-680. http://www.springerlink.com/content/u70h014705374u42/, Byrd Jr JD, Westbrooks R, 2013. It is alterative, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, depurative, diuretic, febrifuge. It’s vigorous, fast growing, tolerant of various conditions, and offers lovely red berries in the fall. Fewless G, 2013. podocarpa Franch. Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2013. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 34(2):144-152. http://www.springerlink.com/link.asp?id=104273, Cippolini K, Titus K, Wagner C, 2012. Hojo. Amur honeysuckle has also been found to increase mite and tick populations, and increase the incidence of illnesses like Lyme disease in humans. A decoction of Honeysuckle stems is used internally in the treatment of acute rheumatoid arthritis, mumps and hepatitis. Greensboro, North Carolina, USA: National Plant Data Team. Wallingford, UK: CABI, EDDMapS, 2013. © Copyright 2020 CAB International. Thanks for replying. Noxious Weeds. Seed Science Research, 10(4):459-469, Hutchinson TF, Vankat JL, 1998. Other uses for Honeysuckle include; Ground cover, Insecticide, Basketry, vines used to make baskets. Many CEES service learning events are centered around the removal of invasive species. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Under experimental conditions, extract of L. maackii showed allelopathic affects against seeds in the Brassicaceae family, but no crop species were tested (Cippolini et al., 2012). Caprifolium Mill., Metalonicera M. Wang & A. G. Gu, Xylosteum Mill., family Caprifoliaceae) includes some 200 species of erect shrubs and twining climbers native to North America (south to Mexico) and Eurasia (south to North Africa, the Himalaya, Java, and the Philippines). Maryland, USA. The species was first named Xylosteum maackii by Ruprecht in 1857, but was renamed Lonicera maackii by Maximowicz in 1859 (Flora of Japan, 2013). al., 2011). Amur Honeysuckle in the ½ inch to 3 inch diameter range has a relatively simple root system. it is a human commensal), Highly likely to be transported internationally deliberately. A decoction of Honeysuckle stems is used internally in the treatment of acute rheumatoid arthritis, mumps and hepatitis. My Hand Wired Tumbled Stone Necklaces make great Gifts and help support AltNature! http://www.uwgb.edu/biodiversity/herbarium/invasive_species/lonmaa01.htm, GBIF, 2013. Flora of New Zealand, Vol. Post Feb 27, 2010 #8 2010-02-27T23:11. The plant produces white/ yellow flowers that are bilateral shaped. Radial and basal growth of existing trees declined in forests invaded by L. maackii (Hartman and McCarthy, 2007). Wallingford, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. Amur honeysuckle takes over the shrub layer and holds its leaves long after the rest of the forest. Mechanicsburg, PA, USA: Stackpole Books, 518 pp, Lieurance D, Cipollini D, 2012. Plant invaders of mid-Atlantic natural areas. Fire has been considered for control of L. maackii, but plants can resprout after fire from buds on the crown below the soil surface. Allelopathic effects of invasive species (Alliaria petiolata, Lonicera maackii, Ranunculus ficaria) in the Midwestern United States. No studies on the impact of L. maackii on threatened or endangered species were found. Japanese honeysuckle is ediblel. Global Biodiversity Information Facility. In Japan, L. maackii is described as rare, occurring along the edges of montane deciduous forests and sometimes on calcareous rocks in northern and central Honshu (Flora of Japan, 2013). Invasive plants. The species known as "bush honeysuckle" are upright deciduous shrubs with long arching branches, are commonly 6 to 20 feet tall, and have shallow root systems. Japanese Society for Plant Systematics, 2012, http://www.imapinvasives.org/GIST/ESA/esapages/documnts/loni_sp.pdf, http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2, http://www.uwgb.edu/biodiversity/herbarium/invasive_species/lonmaa01.htm, http://www.ag.ndsu.edu/trees/handbook/th-3-27.pdf, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, http://agriculture.vermont.gov/sites/ag/files/pdf/plant_protection_weed_management/noxious_weeds/NoxiousWeedsQuarantine.pdf, http://www.invasive.org/browse/subinfo.cfm?sub=3040, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License, Lonicera maackii (Amur honeysuckle); shrubs in an abandoned field. Essential oils are extracted from the flowers in China and artificial cotton is made from the stems (Zheng et al., 2006). Japanese Honeysuckle is a perennial herb Native to E. Asia - China, Japan, Korea, now naturalized in Britain and the US, from southern New York and New Jersey south, to southern Florida, and west to southwestern Texas. It has an extended growing season, leafing out earlier and staying green far later in the year than many native trees and shrubs. al., 2008; Watling et. The leaves can be parboiled and eaten as a vegetable. While its fruit is attractive to many species of birds (birds are the primary disperser), A. Honeysuckle berries lack the fat and nutrients that mi-grating species require. http://www.gbif.org/species. (3.5-8.5 cm) long. In the USA L. maackii sale and transportation is prohibited in Massachusetts, Connecticut and Vermont (USDA-NRCS, 2013). Wallingford, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated b. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Plant Ecology, 166(1):13-24, Gould AMA, Gorchov DL, 2000. Facebook. Honeysuckle is poetically known as “Woodbine” in some old herbal manuals. http://www.delawarewildflowers.org/, Swearingen J, Slattery B, Reshetiloff K, Zwicker S, 2010. Christchurch, New Zealand: Botany Division, DSIR, Zheng H, Wu Y, Ding J, Binion D, Fu W, Reardon R, 2006. Bud Color - Gray, pubescent. Class B noxious weed U.S. Weed Information; Lonicera maackii . Transactions of the Illinois State Academy of Science, 98(1):1-17, Pringle JS, 1973. October 2013, Inner Mongolia; Original citation: Flora of Japan (2013), Cf - Warm temperate climate, wet all year, Warm average temp.
Living Language English Pdf, How To Use Old Maytag Top Load Washer, Dill Side Effects, Msi External Hard Drive, Uit-rgpv Contact Number, Red Clock Aesthetic, Ap Human Geography Agriculture Study Guide, Costco Frozen Fruits, Heinz Vegetarian Beans,